Leonard Freed (1929-2006).
Leonard Freed (1929-2006).
Ah Xian (b. 1960).
Honoré Daumier (1808-1879).
Boyd Clopton, designer.
The Jackson Five’s stage clothes.
Gary Petersen (b. 1956).
Sonia Delaunay (1885-1979).
Robert Polidori (b. 1951).
Garry Winogrand (1928-1984).
Neighbouring star Proxima Centauri has Earth-sized planet
The nearest habitable world beyond our Solar System might be right on our doorstep – astronomically speaking.
Scientists say their investigations of the closest star, Proxima Centauri, show it to have an Earth-sized planet orbiting about it.
What is more, this rocky globe is moving in a zone that would make liquid water on its surface a possibility.
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A mural by British street artist Banksy which mocked government surveillance has been destroyed during building works on the house on which it appeared in 2014 in Cheltenham, southwest England.
The local council said the owner had confirmed the mural was damaged during urgent works on the end-of-terrace home, which was given protected status after the mural appeared overnight in April 2014.
The mural was valued at £1 million ($1.3 million, 1.16 million euros).
More about Bansky at the link below:
CNN: “’Spy Booth’ has been vandalized on multiple occasions and now appears to have been destroyed entirely.”
The Guardian: “Photographs from the scene showed that the wall had been stripped back to the brickwork, with a pile of rubble on the street. However, it is unclear whether the mural, which has protected status, was destroyed during the building work or removed beforehand.”
Daily Mail: “A £1million Banksy artwork satirising government surveillance has been accidentally destroyed by a builder during work to protect the Grade II listed building it was painted.”
The Amatrice basin must have been populated as far back as the protohistoric age. The fact that it is located along the via Salaria trail explains why the basin has been continuously inhabited since pre-Roman times. The remains of buildings and tombs found in various parts of the area date back to the Roman era. In fact, tradition has it that during the Middle Ages, the city of Summa villarum provided the name for the entire area, which was then annexed by the Duchy of Spoleto in the 6th Century.
In the Public Register of Farfa there is a record for the period going from the middle of the 8th Century to the beginning of the 12th Century, which includes the names of many localities and villages which are part of the municipality today; among them, we find Matrice in 1012, which is again referenced in 1037 in the diploma with which the Emperor Corrado (Conrad) II confirmed the possessions of the Bishop of Ascoli. It was only in about 1265, at the time of the Manfredi Kings of Swabia, that Amatrice definitively became part of the Kingdom of Naples. The city did not want to submit to the Angevin domination, and in fact repeatedly openly rebelled against it.
In 1271 and 1274, Charles of Anjou sent armies to put down the resistance of the Amatricians and force the city into submission. At the same time, the Barons disappeared and the Universitas was formed, with Amatrice at its head: this was the comune (city-republic) in a freely-organized territory that was relatively autonomous from the central power, and which governed itself through a Parliament. In this period, the city’s influence spread over an area that went from Campotosto to the borders of Cittareale, including many castles and villages on the Teramo side.
In the 14th and 15th Centuries, Amatrice was constantly battling the surrounding cities and castles, over questions of borders and prestige. The conflicts with Norcia, Arquata, and L’Aquila became famous. The city of Ascoli was traditionally allied with Amatrice. The Amatricians took part, alongside the militias commanded by Braccio Fortebraccio da Montone, in the long siege of L’Aquila and the final battle of June 1424, which marked the defeat of Braccio, who died in battle. During the conflicts between the Angevins and the Aragons for the possession of the Kingdom of Naples, Amatrice steadfastly supported the latter, including during the war.
The Aragonese sovereign Ferdinand, having put down the revolt of the Barons in 1485, rewarded Amatrice the following year by granting her the privilege of coining money with the motto “Fidelis Amatrix.” Nevertheless, in February 1529, after heroic resistance, the city was re-conquered and laid to waste by Charles V’s general Filiberto di Chalon. To punish the rebels, Charles V gave the State of Amatrice to one of his captains, Alessandro Vitelli, as a feud. Subsequently, despite continuing to be part of the Kingdom of Naples, between 1582 and 1692 Amatrice passed under the control of a branch of the Orsini family and then the Medici family of Florence, which kept the city until 1737.
Finally, in 1759, the feud became part of the personal possessions of the King of Naples. Near the end of the 18th Century and for almost all of the 19th Century, the territory of Amatrice, like much of the Italian peninsula, was affected by the phenomenon of “banditry” for political and social motives. Amatrician patriots played an important role in the Italian Risorgimento, foremost among them Piersilvestro Leopardi, Don Giuseppe Minozzi and Don Nicola Rosei. Also from Amatrice, and specifically from the Preta hamlet, was Don Giovanni Minozzi, who after the First World War founded the Opera Nazionale per il Mezzogiorno d’Italia (National Institution for Southern Italy).
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A magnitude 6.2 earthquake has struck central Italy, south of the city of Perugia, the US Geological Survey says, with the shock also felt in Rome.
The quake hit at 03:36 (01:36 GMT), 76 km (47 miles) southeast of the city, at the very shallow depth of 10km (six miles), the USGS said,
In Rome, some buildings shook for 20 seconds, according to La Repubblica newspaper.
Miles Aldridge (b. 1964).